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Effect of Electron Blocking Layer Doping and Composition on the Performance of 310 nm Light Emitting Diodes

Kolbe, Tim; Knauer, Arne; Rass, Jens; Cho, Hyun; Hagedorn, Sylvia; Einfeldt, Sven; Kneissl, Michael; Weyers, Markus

The effects of composition and p-doping profile of the AlGaN:Mg electron blocking layer (EBL) in 310 nm ultraviolet B (UV-B) light emitting diodes (LEDs) have been investigated. The carrier injection and internal quantum efficiency of the LEDs were simulated and compared to electroluminescence measurements. The light output power depends strongly on the temporal biscyclopentadienylmagnesium (Cp 2 Mg) carrier gas flow profile during growth as well as on the aluminum profile of the AlGaN:Mg EBL. The highest emission power has been found for an EBL with the highest Cp 2 Mg carrier gas flow and a gradually decreasing aluminum content in direction to the p-side of the LED. This effect is attributed to an improved carrier injection and confinement that prevents electron leakage into the p-doped region of the LED with a simultaneously enhanced carrier injection into the active region.
Published in: Materials, 10.3390/ma10121396, MDPI