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SLC: Memory Access Granularity Aware Selective Lossy Compression for GPUs

Lal, Sohan; Lucas, Jan; Juurlink, Ben

Memory compression is a promising approach for reducing memory bandwidth requirements and increasing performance, however, memory compression techniques often result in a low effective compression ratio due to large memory access granularity (MAG) exhibited by GPUs. Our analysis of the distribution of compressed blocks shows that a significant percentage of blocks are compressed to a size that is only a few bytes above a multiple of MAG, but a whole burst is fetched from memory. These few extra bytes significantly reduce the compression ratio and the performance gain that otherwise could result from a higher raw compression ratio. To increase the effective compression ratio, we propose a novel MAG aware Selective Lossy Compression (SLC) technique for GPUs. The key idea of SLC is that when lossless compression yields a compressed size with few bytes above a multiple of MAG, we approximate these extra bytes such that the compressed size is a multiple of MAG. This way, SLC mostly retains the quality of a lossless compression and occasionally trades small accuracy for higher performance. We show a speedup of up to 35% normalized to a state-of-the-art lossless compression technique with a low loss in accuracy. Furthermore, average energy consumption and energy-delay- product are reduced by 8.3% and 17.5%, respectively.
Published in: 2019 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE), 10.23919/DATE.2019.8714810, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

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